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Yasin Malik Biography – Yasin Malik is a Kashmiri separatist leader and former militant who advocates the separation of Kashmir from both India and Pakistan. Yasin Malik is the Chairman of the Jammu Kashmir Liberation Front, which originally spearheaded armed militancy in the Kashmir Valley. Yasin Malik renounced violence in 1994 and adopted peaceful methods to come to a settlement of the Kashmir conflict.
In May 2022, Yasin Malik pleaded guilty to charges of criminal conspiracy and waging war against the state, and was sentenced to life imprisonment.
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Yasin Malik Biography, Wiki, Age
Yasin Malik‘s birth took place on 3 April 1966 in the densely populated Maisuma locality of Srinagar. Yasin Malik had completed his graduation from S.P College Srinagar and also claims that most of his knowledge has been acquired by self-taught methods while he served his time in various jails. Malik loves the poetry of Allama Iqbal and the writings of Imam Gazali.
Yasin Malik Early Life
Yasin Malik had witnessed violence carried out on the streets by the security forces. In 1980, after witnessing an altercation between the army and taxi drivers, Yasin Malik is said to have become a rebel. Yasin Malik formed a party called the Tala Party, which formed a revolutionary front, printing and distributing political materials and causing disturbances. Yasin Malik’s group was involved in attempting to disrupt the 1983 cricket match with West Indies in the Sher-i-Kashmir Stadium, disturbing National Conference gatherings in Srinagar and protesting Maqbool Bhat’s execution. Yasin Malik was arrested and detained for four months. After getting released in 1986, the Tala Party has renamed the Islamic Students League (ISL), with Yasin Malik as the general secretary. The ISL became an important youth movement. Among its members were Ashfaq Majeed Wani, Javed Mir, and Abdul Hameed Sheikh.
Yasin Malik Career
In the run-up to the Legislative Assembly elections in 1987, the Islamic Students League led by Yasin Malik joined the Muslim United Front (MUF). It did not contest any seats because it did not believe in the constitution. But it took responsibility for campaigning for the MUF in all Srinagar constituencies.
Yasin Malik campaigned for the MUF candidate Mohammad Yusuf Shah who stood for the 1987 elections from Amirakadal, Srinagar. Scholar Sumantra Bose states that, as the vote-counting began, it became clear that Yusuf Shah was winning by a landslide. However, the opposing National Conference candidate Ghulam Mohiuddin Shah was declared the winner.
Yusuf Shah as well as Yasin Malik were arrested by the police and imprisoned until the end of 1987 without a formal charge, court appearance, or a trial. Widespread rigging and “booth-capturing” in the elections were reported, which, were reportedly carried out by the National Conference leader Farooq Abdullah in connivance with the Government of India. The police refused to listen to any complaints. The National Conference-Congress alliance was declared the winner with 62 seats in the Assembly and formed the government.
After release from prison, Yasin crossed over to the Pakistan-administered Kashmir to receive training at camps situated there. Yasin Malik returned to the Kashmir Valley in 1989 as a core member of the Jammu and Kashmir Liberation Front (JKLF), declaring his goal as the independence for the entirety of the former princely state of Jammu and Kashmir.
Yasin Malik, along with Hamid Sheikh, Ashfaq Wani, and Javed Ahmad Mir, formed the core group — dubbed the “HAJY” group — of the JKLF militants returning with arms and training received in Pakistan-administered Kashmir.
They were said to have been “stunned” by the enthusiastic response to their call for independence in the Kashmir Valley. They waged a guerrilla war with the Indian security forces, kidnapping Rubiya Sayeed, the daughter of Indian Home Minister Mufti Mohammad Sayeed, and targeting attacks on the government and security officials.
In March 1990, Ashfaq Wani was killed in a battle with Indian security forces. In August 1990, Yasin was captured in a wounded condition. He was imprisoned until May 1994. Hamid Sheikh was also captured in 1992 but released by the Border Security Force to counteract the pro-Pakistan guerrillas.
By 1992, the majority of the JKLF militants were killed or captured and they were yielding ground to pro-Pakistan guerilla groups such as the Hizbul Mujahideen, strongly promoted by the Pakistani military authorities. Further encroachment by pan-Islamist fighters infiltrating into the Valley from Pakistan changed the color of the insurgency. Pakistan is said to have ceased its financial support to the JKLF because the JKLF did not support Kashmir’s integration with Pakistan.
After release from prison on bail in May 1994, Yasin declared an indefinite ceasefire of the JKLF. However, Yasin Malik says that JKLF still lost a hundred activists to Indian operations. Independent journalists mentioned three hundred activists were killed. They were said to have been compromised by Hizb-ul-Mujahideen members, who informed their whereabouts to the Indian security forces.
Yasin Malik renounced violence and adopted a Gandhian non-violent struggle for independence. Yasin Malik expressed a desire for a “democratic approach” involving the “true representatives” of Jammu and Kashmir. Yasin Malik offered political negotiations, but insisted that they must be tripartite with both Indian and Pakistani governments, and should cover the entire state of Jammu and Kashmir.
This was not acceptable to the Indian government. In the Spring of 1995, Yasin Malik protested the holding of Legislative Assembly elections and threatened to immolate himself. He contended that the Indian government has “thrust this election process” on the Kashmiris just as a display of democracy.
Yasin Malik’s peaceful struggle was unacceptable to the leadership of JKLF in Pakistan-administered Kashmir. At the end of 1995, Amanullah Khan, the founder chairman of JKLF, removed Yasin Malik as the president of JKLF.
In return, Yasin Malik expelled Khan from the chairmanship. Thus JKLF had split into two factions. Victoria Schofield states that the Pakistan government recognized Yasin Malik as the leader of JKLF, which further complicated the situation.
Yasin Malik Developments
In October 1999, Yasin Malik was arrested by Indian Authorities under the Public Safety Act (PSA) and was again arrested on 26 March 2002 under the Prevention of Terrorism Act. Yasin Malik was detained for almost a year.
In recent times, Yasin Malik has had one-on-one meetings with the President of Pakistan, Prime Minister of Pakistan, Prime Minister of India, and other world leaders.
In 2007, Yasin Malik and his party launched a campaign known as Safar-i-Azadi (Journey of Freedom). Yasin Malik’s journey to meet some select world leaders was to create an atmosphere of anti-Indian sentiment among the public; which had lasted for over one year.
During this time Yasin Malik and his colleagues visited about 3,500 towns and villages of Kashmir promoting an anti-Indian stance.
In 2005, a rival faction of Yasin Malik inside JKLF formed a separate organization “JKLF(R)”. Javed Mir is its convener.
In February 2013, Yasin Malik shared the dais with the banned Lashkar-e-Taiba chief Hafiz Muhammad Saeed at a protest in Islamabad, which was condemned by many commentators, including Muslim bodies.
On 4 December 2013, JKLF claimed that Yasin Malik was thrown out of a hotel in New Delhi with his wife and 18-month-old daughter due to his political Ideology of separatism.
On 12 January 2016, Yasin Malik wrote a letter to Pakistan Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif, opposing Gilgit-Baltistan’s merger with Pakistan.
Yasin Malik Charges
In March 2020, Yasin and six accomplices were charged under the Terrorist and Disruptive Activities (Prevention) Act (TADA), the Arms Act 1959, and Ranbir Penal Code for the attack on 40 Indian Air Force personnel in Rawalpora, Srinagar on 25 January 1990. During the attack, four IAF personnel died. The trial is underway. Yasin is facing trial for the kidnapping of Rubaiyya Sayeed and the subsequent exchange of five militants.
Yasin Malik Wife
Yasin Malik’s marital status is married. In 2009 Yasin Malik married Pakistani artist Mushaal Hussein Mullick. They became parents to a girl named Raziyah Sultana in March 2012.
Yasin Malik Parents
Yasin Malik’s father’s name is Ghulam Qadir Malik and his mother’s name is not known. Yasin Malik’s father died in 2015.
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